To understand stress in Quenya you need to know the difference between “heavy” syllables and “light” syllables; Tolkien often called these “long” syllables and “short” syllables. A “light” syllable is one that contains a single short vowel and is followed by zero or one consonant: ta or tan. A “heavy”
Quenya has a rather small inventory of consonants: p, t, k; b, d, g; f, s, h; v; m, n, ñ [ŋ]; l, r, y, w; hl, hr, hy, hw (PE19/80-81). The last set is a group of voiceless consonants, represented in spelling by a preceding “h”. You can approximate
This entry provides a basic overview of the major features of Quenya grammar. It lists these features with only minimal explanation, to provide a broader context for Quenya grammar as a whole. Knowing these major elements at a general level is helpful for understanding the details of more specific grammatic
Quenya is probably the first Elvish language Tolkien worked on, and he worked on it throughout his life. Understanding how Tolkien’s ideas on Quenya evolved is critical to understanding the language itself. Students of Tolkien’s languages often distinguish the “Internal History” of the language (how the language evolved within Middle
Like all Elvish languages, the primitive precursors of Quenya appeared soon after the awakening of the Elves in Cuivienén, a period when all Elves spoke the same language. Tolkien referred to this period as Primitive Quendian or Common Quenderin [CQ]; most of the literature on Elvish uses CQ to avoid
Quenya was the native language of the first and second tribes of the Elves, the Vanyar and the Noldor. This language was widely spoken in Valinor and was brought to Middle Earth by the Noldor. As Tolkien described it in the The Lord of the Rings Appendix F: Of the
I’m starting a new series on Quenya Grammar, cross-posted both here and on Aglardh. This is something I’ve wanted to work on for a long time, but there is a lot of ground work I needed to cover first, most notably the Quenya phonetics analysis I recently completed. This series
Version 0.7.4 of Eldamo is released. It incorporates all my recent work on Quenya phonetics. https://eldamo.org/
Episode 69: Fiona Jallings Teaches Sindarin This is part of their short series on Tolkien’s languages, where both Paul and I were interviewed. Enjoy!
Episode 64: Talking Quenya with Paul Strack This is part of their short series on Tolkien’s languages, where both Paul and I were interviewed. My interview comes up on the 25th. Enjoy!