8.99: Vegetation (other) N. chwann n. “sponge, fungus” A noun for “sponge, fungus” appearing as N. chwann or hwand in The Etymologies of the 1930s derived from primitive ᴹ✶swanda under the root ᴹ√SWAD (Ety/SWAD). In Noldorin of the 1930s, ancient initial sw became voiceless hw, and then this hw became
8.99: Vegetation (other) ᴹQ. arat (arac-) n. “weed” A word for “weed” in the Declension of Nouns (DN) from the early 1930s with a stem form of arak- (PE21/33, 35). Q. cëa n. “*hedge” Quenya cognate of S. cai, second element of S. Morgai “Black Fence”, with both Q. këa
8.66 Acorn ᴹQ. ferna n. “mast, beechnuts” A word in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “mast, beechnuts” under the root ᴹ√PHER(EN) “beech” (Ety/BERETH). Most likely the gloss “mast” refers to the fallen nuts or acorns used in ancient times to feed pigs, which was one of the senses of
8.655 Tree (other) S. faran n. “rowan, *ash” A Sindarin word for a “rowan” [a species of ash tree], cognate to Q. farnë and derivative of √PHAR(AN) (PE17/83), possibly a later iteration of N. †fêr “beech-tree” from the root ᴹ√PHER(EN) (Ety/PHER). Conceptual Development: The Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s had
8.655 Tree (other) Q. culumalda n. “laburnum, *(lit.) orange-tree” Quenya name for a “laburnum” described as “a tree with hanging yellow blossoms (prob[ably] a laburnum) growing in Ithilien espec[ially] at Cormallen” (RC/626). Helge Fauskanger suggested it is probably [ᴹQ.] culuma “orange” + alda “tree” (QQ/culumalda). Q. farnë (farni-) n. “ash,
8.635 Elm Q. alalvëa adj. “having many elms” A word meaning “having many elms” in notes from 1959, an elaboration of alvë “elm” (PE17/146). Q. alvë n. “elm” A word appearing as alve or albe “elm” in notes from 1959, derived from the root √ALAB of similar meaning (PE17/146, 153).
8.62 Beech ᴹQ. feren (fern-) n. “beech-tree” A word for “beech-tree” in The Etymologies of the 1930s with variants feren and ferne derived from primitive ᴹ✶pheren based on the root ᴹ√PHER(EN) “beech” (Ety/BERÉTH; PHER). Its plural form was ferni < *fer(e)nī due to the affect of the Quenya syncope. It
8.61 Oak ᴹQ. lindornea adj. “having many oaks” A word in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “having many oak-trees” or “having many oaks”, a combination of ᴹQ. lin- “many” and an adjectival form of ᴹQ. norno “oak”, where the more ancient initial consonant d- was preserved/restored in the compound
8.60 Tree (generic) Q. alda n. “tree, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] branch” The basic Quenya word for “tree” (LotR/1113), derived from primitive ✶galadā and very well attested. This word dates all the way back to the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s where ᴱQ. alda “tree” appeared under the early root ᴱ√ALA² “spread” (QL/29).
8.599 Flower (other) S. eirien n. “daisy” A word for “daisy” as the name of one of the daughters of Samwise (SD/126). Its origin is unclear, but David Salo suggested it might be a loan from Q. Arien “Sun-maiden” (GS/228). Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s the