1.43 Wood, Timber ᴱQ. kinda n. “splinter” A noun appearing as ᴱQ. kinda “splinter” in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, derived from the early root ᴱ√KIŘI [KIÐI] (QL/047). Neo-Quenya: For purposes of Neo-Quenya, I think this word can be salvaged as ᴺQ. cirda “splinter, wood shaving” from the later
1.41 Woods, Forest Q. ornendur n. “tree-keep, forester, woodsman” A word in 1959 notes Tolkien described as “a tree-keep, a forester, a ‘woodsman’, a man concerned with trees as we might say ‘professionally’ (NM/20)”. It was given as an example of the use of the suffix -(n)dur, and its initial
1.37 Spring, Well Q. celussë n. “freshnet, water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring” Quenya equivalent of the river name S. Celos, glossed “freshnet, water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring” and derived from a combination of ✶kelu- “flow (swiftly)” and the abstract noun suffix -ssë (UTI/Celos). Q.
1.36 Brook, Stream, River Q. celumë n. “flow(ing), stream, flood (tide); ⚠️[ᴱQ.] fountain, spring” A word for a stream or flow of water or other liquid, also for a flood tide, derived from the root ᴹ√KEL(U) (MC/223; Ety/KEL). Conceptual Development: In the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s, the words ᴱQ.
ᴹQ. falle n. “foam” A noun in The Etymologies of the 1930s glossed “foam” derived from the root ᴹ√PHAL of the same meaning (Ety/PHAL). Q. wingë n. “foam, spindrift, spray, [ᴹQ.] wave crest, [ᴱQ.] froth, scud; ⚠️wave” A noun for “foam” or “spray”, described at one point as “properly a
Q. falasta- vb. “to foam, surge, [ᴱQ.] make a sound like surf” A verb meaning “to foam, surge” (for example, of the sea), used in all versions of the Markirya, both the version from the 1960s and the original from 1931 (and many of its preceding drafts). In the poem,
1.33 Lake, Pond Q. ailin n. “(large) lake, [ᴹQ.] pool” A noun for a large lake or pool, a combination of the ancient roots √AY “sea” and √LIN¹ “pool” (PE17/160; Ety/AY, LIN¹). It is an element in several names such as Q. Angalailin “Mirrormere” (NM/353) and Q. Luvailin “Shadowmere” (RC/217).
1.32 Sea Q. †airë n. “sea” An archaic word for “sea” which fell out of use to due conflict with “holy” words like aira or airë; it was a noun form of primitive ✶gaı̯ră (PE17/27). The more common modern word for “sea” is ëar. Conceptual Development: ᴹQ. aire “sea” appeared
1.27 Shore, Beach Q. falassë n. “(wave-beaten) shore, seashore, line of surf; ⚠️[ᴹQ.] beach” A word for “(wave-beaten) shore” (VT42/15; PE17/135), or “seashore, surfline” (PE17/62), derived from the root √PHAL “foam” (PE17/62). Conceptual Development: This word first appeared as ᴱQ. falas (falass-) “shore, beach” in the Qenya Lexicon of the
Q. lónë n. “isle, [ᴹQ.] island, remote land difficult to reach” An element in the name Q. Avallónë “Outer Isle”, thus likely “[remote] ilse”. Conceptual Development: A similar form ᴹQ. lóna “island, remote land difficult to reach” appeared in The Etymologies of the 1930s as the only derivative of the