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Select Elvish Words 4.61: Sleep

4.61 to Sleep; Sleep

ᴹQ. lor- v. “to sleep, [ᴱQ.] slumber”
The verb ᴱQ. lor- “slumber” appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√LORO “doze, slumber” (QL/56). The verb reappeared in a present participle form loralyar “asleep” in Koivienéni sentence which was probably composed in the late 1930s (VT27/7).

Neo-Quenya: I’d use lor- as the best available verb for “to sleep, slumber” for purposes of Neo-Quenya; see the entry on √(O)LOR for further discussion.

ᴱQ. lorda adj. “slumbrous, drowsy”
The adjective ᴱQ. lorda “slumbrous, drowsy” appeared in the Qenya Lexicon of the 1910s under the early root ᴱ√LORO “doze, slumber” (QL/56).

Neo-Quenya: I’d retain ᴺQ. lorda for purposes of Neo-Quenya since I retain the connection between √LOR and sleep; see the entry on √(O)LOR for further discussion.

ᴹQ. lorna adj. “asleep”
An adjective for “asleep” in The Etymologies of the 1930s under the root ᴹ√LOS “sleep” (Ety/LOS).
N. chwîn n. “giddyness, faintness”
A noun appearing as N. chwîn “giddyness, faintness” in The Etymologies of the 1930s under the root ᴹ√SWIN “whirl, eddy” (Ety/SWIN), where initial sw became chw as usual for Noldorin of the 1930s.

Neo-Sindarin: This word is usually adapted as ᴺS. hwîn for purposes of Neo-Sindarin, as suggested in Hiswelókë’s Sindarin Dictionary (HSD), since initial initial sw became hw in Sindarin of the 1950s and 60s.

N. lhorn adj. “asleep”
An adjective appearing as N. lhorn “asleep” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, cognate to ᴹQ. lorna, derived from the root ᴹ√LOR “sleep” (EtyAC/LOS). Tolkien deleted this form when he revised the root to ᴹ√LOS.

Neo-Sindarin: I’d restore this word as ᴺS. lorn “asleep”, since I retain the connection between the root √LOR and sleep; see the entry on √(O)LOR for further discussion.

N. lhûr n. “slumber”
A noun appearing as N. lhûr “slumber” in The Etymologies of the 1930s, cognate to ᴹQ. lóre, derived from the root ᴹ√LOR “sleep” (EtyAC/LOS). Tolkien deleted this form when he revised the root to ᴹ√LOS.

Conceptual Development: G. lûr “slumber” appeared in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s (GL/55), clearly based on the early root ᴱ√LORO “doze, slumber” (QL/56).

Neo-Sindarin: I’d restore this word as ᴺS. lûr “sleep, slumber”, since I retain the connection between the root √LOR and sleep; see the entry on √(O)LOR for further discussion. Hints of this word can be seen in the pure Sindarin name S. Lothlúrien for Lothlórien “Dream-flower” (PE17/48).

G. lor- v. “to sleep, slumber, ⚠️dream”
A verb appearing as G. lor- “sleep deep, dream” (GL/54), clearly based on the early root ᴱ√LORO “doze, slumber” (QL/56).

Neo-Quenya: I’d retain the verb ᴺS. lor- for purposes of Neo-Sindarin, but with the sense “sleep, slumber” only; for “dream” I’d use N. oltha- (Ety/ÓLOS). This neologism has likely been floating around for a while, but it was first suggested to me by Elaran.

G. lortha- v. “to put to sleep, send to sleep”
A verb appearing as G. lortha- “put to sleep, send to sleep” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s (GL/54), clearly based on the early root ᴱ√LORO “doze, slumber” (QL/56).

Neo-Quenya: I’d retain the verb ᴺS. lortha- for purposes of Neo-Sindarin.

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