Textbook Re-write Complete

It’s 1AM, and I’m done. I did it. I finally fished the massive edit of the textbook. I made a few mistakes along the way… got eyes and ambition greater than my time or ability. Ended up having to cut some parts that I had a lot of fun making. Fear not, those will still be available here.

The next step is to send this edit to the lawyer who will make sure I can legally publish it, and to the copy editor and typesetter to make it shiny.

The artist has been chosen for the drawings in the book: Julia Lindquist. I’ll be showing those off as they are completed. The cover artist is my wife. She doesn’t have any recent art online, but she’s got an old DeviantART account.

I’m thinking of changing the title of it to: “A Fan’s Guide to Neo-Sindarin – The Textbook for the Elvish of Middle-earth” That may mean updating the URL of this website too… I’m thinking Sindarinclass.realelvish.net. What do you think? I’ll leave re-directs up so you can find your way if you’re using an old link. Either way, there will be a LOT of re-organizing on the website to do.

For your perusal and enjoyment, here is the complete list of all of the content in the book.

0.1 Introduction
0.1.1 What is “Neo” Sindarin?
0.1.2 Goals of this Book
0.1.3 Conclusions
0.1.4 Review

Chapter 1: Background

1.1 About Fan-Made Words
1.1.1 Asterisks
1.1.2 Where do you draw the line?
1.1.3 How are the new words made?
1.1.4 In Conclusion
1.1.5 Review

1.2 The History of Sindarin
1.2.1 Internal History
1.2.2 External History
1.2.3 Review

Chapter 2: Pronunciation

2.1 IPA Guide
2.1.1 Why IPA?
2.1.2 The IPA Charts The Columns of the IPA Consonant Chart The Rows of the IPA Consonant Chart The IPA Consonant Chart The IPA Vowel Chart’s Columns and Rows The IPA Vowel Chart
2.1.3 Using IPA Describing Vowel Length in IPA Syllable Boundaries in IPA Syllable Stress in IPA
2.1.4 Conversation Practice: Choose an Elven Name
2.1.5 Review

2.2 The Sounds of Speech
2.2.1 Vowels
2.2.2 Diphthongs
2.2.3 Consonants
2.2.4 Vowel-Consonant Combinations
2.2.5 Conversation Practice: Greetings and Introductions
2.2.6 Review

2.3 The Rhythm of the Words
2.3.1 Consonants in Multi-syllable Words Exercise
2.3.2 Dividing the Syllables Exercise
2.3.3 The Placing of Stress Exercise
2.3.4 How Words Interact Exercise Exercise
2.3.5 Conversation Practice: Greetings, Farewells, and Intros 2
2.3.5 Review

Chapter 3: Syntax

3.1 Articles, Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prepositions
3.1.1 Articles Prestanneth
3.1.2 Adjectives Exercise
3.1.3 Adverbs Exercise Exercise Exercise
3.1.4 Prepositional Phrases Exercise
3.1.5 Conversation Practice – Describe Someone

3.2 Genitives, Possessives, the Copula, and Conjunctions
3.2.1 Genitives Exercise
3.2.2 Possessives Preposition nan Exercise “Of The” Exercise
3.2.3 The Copula The Hidden Copula Exercise The Uncertain and Negative Copulas Exercise
3.2.4 Conjunctions “And” “But” “Or”
3.2.5 Conversation Practice: Describe Your Origins

3.3 Basic Sentence Syntax
3.3.1 Sentences With Transitive Verbs Transitive Verbs with Nouns Exercise Transitive Verbs with Pronouns Exercise Ditransitive Verbs & Verbs with Indirect Objects Exercise Helping Verbs Exercise
3.3.2 Intransitive Verbs Exercise Intransitive Verbs with Dative Pronouns Exercise
3.3.3 Verbs with Sentences as the Direct Object Compound Predicates Exercise Quotations Exercise
3.3.4 Conversation Practice: Likes and Dislikes

3.4 Imperative and Passive Voice
3.4.1 What does Imperative mean?
3.4.2 Imperative Syntax With Intransitive Verbs With Transitive Verbs With Indirect Objects Exercise
3.4.3 Impersonal Verb Exercise
3.4.4 Passive Voice Transitive Verbs Intransitive Verbs Ditransitive Verbs The Problem of Esta- Passive Ditransitive Verbs Exercise
3.4.5 Conversation Practice: Talk About Your Feelings

3.5 Numbers
3.5.1 Cardinal Numbers The Known Numbers Derived Numbers Exercise
3.5.2 Ordinal Numbers The Known Numbers The Derived Numbers Exercise
3.5.3 Using Numbers Cardinal Numbers as Quantitative Determiners Exercise
3.5.4 Conversation Practice: Writing Dates

Chapter 4: Plurals

4.1 Simple Plurals
4.1.1 What You Already Know
4.1.2 How did the Sindarin plural come to be? I-Affection Final Syllables Exceptions and Special Cases I and Y AU and AW The Diphthong EI A Special W/U Final A from Ancient G Lost Syllables The Gondorians
4.1.3 Plural Charts Archaic Plural Chart Exercise Elven Plural Chart Exercise Gondorian Plural Chart Exercise
4.1.4 Conversation Practice: Explain “Why”

4.2 Class Plurals
4.2.1 Vowel Reduction
4.2.2 Adding Vowels to the Ends of Words
4.2.3 -ath, All of the Things Exercise
4.2.4 A Group or Tribe of People -rim, a Group of People Exercise -hoth, The Host of Evil Exercise Gwaith, a Fellowship Exercise
4.2.5 Lost Plurals -in Plurals Noldorin Plural, -ir Dual Plurals, -t and -u Using Diminutives for the Singular
4.2.6 Conversation Practice: Need

Chapter 5: Prestanneth

5.1 Common Mutations
5.1.1 Vowel Reduction with Prefixes
5.1.2 Lenition/Vocalic Mutation Prepositions Preposition Prefixes Adverb Prefixes The Vocalic Mutation Chart Exercise
5.1.3 Nasal Mutation Prepositions Plural “The” Prepositions The Nasal Mutation Chart Exercise
5.1.4 Mixed Mutation Exercise
5.1.5 Long Mixed Mutation Exercise
5.1.6 Conversation Practice: Comparing Things

5.2 Rare Types of Mutation
5.2.1 Liquid Mutation Conjunctions Prepositions Preposition Prefixes Adverb Prefixes The Liquid Mutation Chart Exercise
5.2.2 Stop Mutation Prepositions Adverb Prefixes The Stop Mutation Chart Exercise
5.2.3 H-Mutation Exercise
5.2.4 DH-Mutation Exercise
5.2.5 No Mutation
5.2.6 The All-in-One Prestanneth Chart
5.2.7 Conversation Practice: Giving Directions

Chapter 6: Negation

6.1 The Four Negation Roots
6.1.1 Ancient Root: ALA Al- for Adjectives and Nouns Exercise *Law for Verbs Exercise *La- for Responses Exercise
6.1.2 Ú- “Cannot/Impossible” Exercise
6.1.3 Ancient Root ABA Av-, Avo, and Baw! “Don’t!” Exercise Ava- “Will Not/To Refuse” for Responses Exercise
6.1.4 Pen- vs Ar- Pen- for “to Lack, Without, -less” Exercise
6.1.5 Elven Culture: Cosmology

Chapter 7: Pronouns

7.1 Basic Pronouns
7.1.1 Pronoun Charts Exercise
7.1.2 Nominative Pronouns Exercise
7.1.3 Oblique Pronouns Exercise
7.1.4 Dative Pronouns Exercise
7.1.5 Possessive, Demonstrative, and Interrogative Adjectives Exercise
7.1.6 Where the Pronouns Come From The Making of 1st Person Inclusive Pronouns
7.1.7 Elven Culture: Fingers

7.2 Pronominal Suffixes and Indefinite Pronouns
7.2.1 Nominative Pronoun Suffixes Exercise
7.2.2 Possessive Pronoun Suffixes Exercise
7.2.3 Indefinite Pronouns Pen Nad Sad Im, Anim, and În Exercise
7.2.4 Conversation Practice: Diminutive Suffixes

7.3 Relative Clauses and Questions
7.3.1 Subordinate Conjunction Exercise
7.3.2 Relative Pronouns Exercise “When/While” Constructing the Rest of the Relative Pronouns Exercise
7.3.3 Interrogative Pronouns Exercise
7.3.4 Yes/No Questions True or False? Would you please? May I? Exercise
7.3.5 Conditional Phrases
7.3.6 Conversation Practice: “Thank you”

Chapter 8: Verbs

8.1 Present and Future Tenses
8.1.1 Aorist Present Tense Exercise
8.1.2 Possible Present Progressive
8.1.3 The Imperative Exercise
8.1.4 Gerunds Exercise
8.1.5 Future Tense Tol- Exercise Nidh- Exercise -Atha Exercise Ava- Exercise Noldorin Future Tense
8.1.6 Conversation Practice: Money and Trade

8.2 Past Tense
8.2.1 Weak Past Tense for A-Verbs Exercise -TA Verbs
8.2.2 Strong Past Tense for I-Verbs Prefixes and I-verbs I-Verbs Ending in Stops Exercise I-Verbs Ending in Continuants Exercise
8.2.3 The Irregular Verbs
8.2.4 Elven Culture: Time of Day

Chapter 9: Deriving Words

9.1 Making Adjectives
9.1.1 The Habitual Participle Exercise
9.1.2 The Present Participle Exercise
9.1.3 Suffix -weg Exercise
9.1.4 Suffix -ui Exercise
9.1.5 The Past Participle Exercise
9.1.6 “Full” -eb and Pant Exercise
9.1.7 Suffix -ren Exercise
9.1.8 Elven Culture: Poetry

9.2 The Perfective Participle
9.2.1 Using the Perfective Participle
9.2.2 A-Verbs and TA-Verbs Exercise
9.2.3 I-Verbs and IA-Verbs Exercise Exercise
9.2.4 Conversation Practice: War

9.3 Making Nouns
9.3.1 Infinitives
9.3.2 Gerunds
9.3.3 The Abstract Nominalizing Suffix -as Adjectives Exercise Nouns Exercise Verbs Exercise
9.3.4 The Nominalizing Suffix -th for Verbs Exercise
9.3.5 Name Making The Agental Suffix -or for Nouns and Verbs Exercise Agentals from Habitual Participles/Gerunds Exercise
9.3.6 Name-Making with Suffixes Suffixes -ion, -iel, and -ien Exercise Suffixes -on, -eth, -el, and -il Exercise
9.3.7 Elven Culture: Naming Practices of the Noldor The First Name The Second Name The Third Name General Facts About Elven Names Example: Fëanor’s Names Example: Galadriel’s Names

9.4 Compound Words
9.4.1 Word Order in Sindarin Compounds
9.4.2 How to Combine the Words Vowels Consonants
9.4.3 Long Consonants
9.4.4 Common Elements in Compound Personal Names Exercise
9.4.5 Common Elements in Compound Place Names Exercise
9.4.6 Elven Culture: Naming Practices of the Sindar

Neo-Sindarin Glossary
Linguistic Glossary
Answer Key


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