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Select Elvish Words 4.73-4.732: Pregnant; to Conceive

4.73 Pregnant

Q. colbanavië n. “gestation, *(lit.) womb-being”
A noun for “gestation” in notes on Elvish life cycles from 1959, appearing in the form colbamarië and colbanavië (NM/91, 120). The initial element is colba in both cases, which might mean “womb” based on the root √KOL “bear, carry”. The final elements are marië (perhaps = “dwelling”) and navië (probably = “being”), so the literal meanings may be “*womb-dwelling” and “*womb-being”.
G. gaiw adj. “pregnant”
An adjective appearing as G. {gaib >>} gaiw “pregnant” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s (GL/37), derived from primitive ᴱ✶gīwă with the Gnomish sound change of ī > ai (GG/14).

Neo-Sindarin: I would adapt this word as ᴺS. gaew “pregnant” representing the Sindarin sound change of ai > ae, derived from the Neo-Root ᴺ√GIW having to do with pregnancy. In Tolkien’s later conception of the languages, its primitive form would need to be *gaiwa, the result of a-fortification of the root: compare [N.] maew “gull” derived from the root ᴹ√MIW (Ety/MIW).

G. gioth n. “germ, foetus, embryon”
A noun appearing as G. gioth or giwth “germ, foetus, embryon” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s derived from the early root ᴱ√giu̯i [GIWI] which was the basis for a number of words having to do with pregnancy (GL/39), where iu to io as usual in Gnomish.

Neo-Sindarin: I would adapt this word into Neo-Sindarin as ᴺS. gŷth, using the later sound change whereby iu > ȳ.

G. giothrin adj. “embryonic”
A word appearing as G. giothrin “embryonic” in the Gnomish Lexicon, an adjectival form of G. gioth “embryo” from the early root ᴱ√giu̯i (GL/39).

Neo-Sindarin: I would update this word to Neo-Sindarin ᴺS. gythren, adjectival form of updated ᴺS. gŷth, based the later sound change whereby iu > ȳ.

4.732 to Conceive

G. giol adj. “fecund; conceiving, having conceived, just pregnant”
An adjective in the Gnomish Lexicon with variant forms G. giol, giwol, and giwl as well as glosses “fecund; conceiving, having conceived, just pregnant”, a derivative of the early root ᴱ√giu̯i having to do with pregnancy (GL/39). It demonstrated the Gnomish sound change of iu to io.

Neo-Sindarin: I would adapt this word as ᴺS. gŷl “fecund; having conceived” based on the Neo-Root ᴺ√GIW, since in Sindarin the sound change was iu > ȳ.

G. giothra- v. “to germinate, be conceived”
A word appearing as G. giothra- “germinate, be conceived” in the Gnomish Lexicon, a verb form of G. gioth “embryo” from the early root ᴱ√giu̯i (GL/39).

Neo-Sindarin: I would update this word to Neo-Sindarin ᴺS. gythra-, verb form of updated ᴺS. gŷth, based the later sound change whereby iu > ȳ.

G. ivrin adj. “fertile”
An adjective appearing as G. ivrin “fertile” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s related to G. gav- “produce, bear fruit” (GL/52), derived from the early root ᴱ√ẎAVA (QL/105).

Neo-Sindarin: I would update this word to ᴺS. iavren “fertile” based on the later form of the root ᴹ√YAB (Ety/YAB). Based on its etymology, I would apply this word to both fertile fields as well as fertile people.

G. uivrin adj. “barren”
An adjective appearing as G. uivrin “barren” in the Gnomish Lexicon of the 1910s glossed, the negated form of G. ivrin “fertile” (GL/46, 74). It had a variant form G. gwivrin “barren” where with the “ui- being replaced by analogy” (GL/46).

Neo-Sindarin: I would update this word to ᴺS. aliavren “barren” for purposes of Neo-Sindarin, based on the updated word ᴺS. iavren “fertile”.

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